At Vituro Health we empower men and their families at all life stages with comprehensive prostate care, ranging from concierge medical services and resources to advanced treatment options. Often our patients are facing a prostate cancer diagnosis and along with that comes many questions. We are here to be your resource as you navigate prostate cancer care.
What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer forms in the tissues of the prostate. Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men in the United States, affecting 1 in 9 men. Prostate cancer starts when cells from the prostate gland start to grow rapidly.
What is the survival rate for prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer, when identified early, typically has a good prognosis. There are about 2.9 million men in the U.S. alive today who were previously diagnosed with prostate cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, on average, men with prostate cancer are about 90 percent as likely as men who do not have that cancer to live for at least 5 years after diagnosis.
What causes prostate cancer?
There are no known causes of prostate cancer, however, there are possible risk factors for prostate cancer. These include:
- Family History of Prostate Cancer
- Poor Diet-While diet isn’t a direct cause and more studies are needed, men with a diet high in dairy or “bad fats” typically have more aggressive prostate cancer.
- Inherited Gene Mutations
Who is at risk for prostate cancer?
Men older than 65 years, men with a family history of prostate cancer and African-American men are at a higher risk of developing prostate cancer. About 6 cases in 10 are diagnosed in men who are 65 or older. It is rare in men under 40. The risk for African-American men increases to 1-in-6, up from the average 1-in-9.
What are the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer?
An elevated PSA (prostate-specific antigen) level often signals the potential for prostate cancer, but early cases of prostate cancer often do not have any symptoms. Here are some typical signs or symptoms of prostate cancer:
- Trouble urinating, this includes urinating more often (especially at night) or a weak stream
- Blood in semen or urine
- Numb or weak feeling in your legs or feet, or even loss of continence. This is a result of cancer pressing the spinal cord.
- Trouble keeping or getting an erection
How can I get screened for prostate cancer?
There are two common tests used to screen for prostate cancer: PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) tests, and DRE (Digital Rectal Examination). Consult with your doctor about which is right for you.
What are the treatment options for prostate cancer?
Some prostate cancers only need to be carefully monitored, known as active surveillance. Once a prostate cancer requires treatment, there are many options available: surgery, radiation, cryotherapy, HIFU and TULSA-PRO® are among them, with HIFU and TULSA-PRO® being good alternatives to more invasive options offering reduced side effect risks.